Udaipur- A noteworthy initiative has been undertaken in Rajasthan, slated for 26th January. In accordance with the directives issued by the Member Secretary of the Rajasthan State Legal Services Authority, Jaipur, and the Chairman of the Udaipur District Legal Services Authority, Chanchal Mishra, a recitation of the fundamental duties enshrined in Article 51 A of the Constitution has been scheduled on January 26. This recital would be done across the state as directed by the respective DLSAs.
The Secretary of the Authority, ADJ Kuldeep Sharma, affirmed that this commemoration will extend its reach across all spheres, encompassing government and non-government educational institutions, children's homes, and correctional facilities within the precincts of Udaipur district. This solemn occasion demands a reflection upon our shared responsibilities as citizens, and as such, the recitation will be an integral part of any Republic Day program unfolding within these locales, Sharma said.
This noble endeavour seeks to instill a sense of civic consciousness and duty among the populace, fostering a collective awareness of the principles that underpin our democratic fabric.
Fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution constitute a set of moral obligations intended for all citizens. The inspiration for incorporating fundamental duties can be traced back to the constitution of the erstwhile USSR. Interestingly, the original framers of the Indian Constitution did not initially include fundamental duties. The idea behind their incorporation was to emphasise the obligation of the citizen in exchange for the Fundamental Rights that he or she enjoys.
The perceived need for fundamental duties arose during the internal emergency period (1975 - 1977). The Sardar Swaran Singh Committee, recognizing this need, recommended the addition of fundamental duties as a separate chapter in the Indian Constitution.
Acting on this recommendation, Part IV A, which deals with fundamental duties, was added to the constitution through the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976. Initially, there were 10 fundamental duties specified under Article 51(A). Subsequently, in 2002, the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act introduced one more duty, bringing the total to 11 fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution.
To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our Indian freedom struggle.
To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.**
To defend the country and render national services when called upon to do so.
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
To value, protect, and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
To develop the scientific temper, humanism, and spirit of inquiry and reform.
To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
Duty of the parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child, as the case may be, between the age of six and fourteen years (added by 86th Amendment Act, 2002).
These fundamental duties serve as a guide for citizens, emphasizing their responsibilities towards the nation and promoting a sense of civic duty and ethical conduct.